A bio-economic framework of crop production

Vegetable crop production is a bio-economic activity: Physically speaking, it  takes place in the field or in a greenhouse where the biological processes of growth and development are under the technical control of the grower. But together with biology and technology, economics is a key driver in these bio-economic systems of vegetable crop production: Eventually, the grower needs to make profit to operate sustainably. To understand the behavior of these systems, we will first look at the major relationships (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Commercial vegetable crop production as a bio-economic system, shown as a “binary tree” mod.
Figure 1: Commercial vegetable crop production as a bio-economic system, shown as a “binary tree” mod.